灵动创新 Unimarketing 邮件营销 EDM

Webhooks文档

1. 介绍

  • Webhook是一种消息订阅异步接口实现方式,它能够将用户订阅消息数据及时的传输到用户指定的位置(URL):将用户在灵动营销平台上发给用户会员的邮件发送状态,会员打开邮件,会员点击邮件里面链接,更新会员信息等行为事件信息数据及时的传回用户自己的业务系统。

  • 例如有下面使用场景:
    • 1.用户系统调用灵动平台邮件发送接口;
    • 2.灵动平台处理邮件投递后,将投递结果推送给用户系统(Webhook订阅地址);
    • 3.用户系统接收推送结果后,向请求方(灵动平台)同步返回“200”确认处接收结果处理正常。

2. Webhook推送消息实体说明

  • 名称 意义 数据类型 长度 备注
    delivered 投递通知消息(未来将废弃) Json Array    
    opens 打开通知消息 Json Array    
    clicks 点击通知消息 Json Array    
    unsubscriptions 退订通知消息 Json Array    
    complaints 投诉通知消息 Json Array    
    source 消息来源 String 10
    意义
    esp 用户通过ESP(EDM服务平台)退订投诉链接提交的申请
    isp 用户在邮箱Web端,点击退订按钮,或点击这是垃圾邮件按钮,由ISP通知给ESP
     
    content 投诉内容 String 100
    id 数据主键 Long   系统链接主键为负数,用以区分普通链接
    campaign 邮件名称 String 100  
    email 邮件地址 String 100  
    uid 标识 String 100  
    mid 邮件消息标识,可从调用发送接口返回值中获取,和投递通知消息中的id一致 String 100  
    status 送达状态 String 32
    意义
    success 已发送
    bounce:bad-mailbox 无效地址
    bounce:soft 软弹回
    bounce:hard 硬弹回
     
    dsn 发送错误原因 String 200  
    updatedAt 投递完成时间 Timestamp   1970 1 1 00:00:00 GMT 1970 1 1 00:00:00 GMT 之前的毫秒数
    createdAt 数据生成时间 Timestamp    
    trackingId 用户自定义文本标识 String 60 灵动平台在处理完投递后,可以通过Webbook传回的消息中获取该数据。当一次调用发送多封邮件时,请用逗号分割。
    trackingData 用户自定义文本数据 String 1000 灵动平台在处理完投递后,可以通过Webbook传回消息中,获取该数据,数据中双引号会被转移义
    updateTime 投递完成时间(未来将废弃) Timestamp    
    outTime 数据生成时间(未来将废弃) Timestamp    
    id 标识 Long   投递通知消息中的id与发送接口中返回值和其它消息中mid一致,能够来追逐单封邮件打开,点击,投诉等用户行为
    contactId 标识 Long   联系人标识
    scheduleId 标识 Long   发送计划标识
    messageId 标识 Long   消息(邮件)模板标识
    ip 地址 String 32 IPV4
    location 国家地区/省/市 String 100  
    longitude 经度 Double    
    latitude 纬度 Double    
    device 客户端设备 String 100  
    platform 客户端操作系统 String 100  
    client 客户端软件 String 100  
    url 用户点击的链接 String 500
    • 系统链接#开头,如:
      • #退订
      • #投诉
      • #网页版本
      • #用户中心
      • #推荐好友
      • #注册 #确认
    subject 邮件主题 String 200  

3. Webhook推送消息实体示例:

  • //备注:下面示例数据在已经做了混淆:)
    {
        "delivered": [
            {
                "id": 22201602002317593, 
                "campaign": "大麦网温馨提示:您关注的演出内容有更新", 
                "uid": "GFpCmAhnXpPoXqXLH2BY", 
                "email": "hg007@example.com", 
                "status": "bounce:hard", 
                "dsn": "Action: failed | Status: 5.1.2 (bad destination system: no such domain)", 
                "updated": "2014-02-20 18:08:05", 
                "createdAt": "2014-02-20 18:08:04", 
                "scheduleId": 17436, 
                "messageId": 12399, 
                "contactId": 19016004, 
                "trackingId": "1axfm7ht2m8k", 
                "trackingData": "{ \"message\":\"success\", \"id\": [ 426034,41767,28341,53326 ] }"
            }, 
            {
                "id": 22201606019253710, 
                "campaign": "大麦网温馨提示:您关注的演出内容有更新", 
                "uid": "GFpCmAhnXpPoXqXLH2BY", 
                "email": " xiaorong@example.com ", 
                "status": "success", 
                "dsn": "smtp;250 ok: Message 1758717523 accepted", 
                "updated": "2014-06-27 15:03:04", 
                "createdAt": "2014-06-27 15:02:20", 
                "scheduleId": 121830, 
                "messageId": 162084, 
                "contactId": 43001513, 
                "trackingId": "1axfm7ht2m8k", 
                "trackingData": "{ \"message\":\"success\", \"id\": [ 426034,41767,28341,53326 ] }"
            }
        ], 
        "clicks": [
            {
                "id": 22201603016582230, 
                "mid": 22201602002317593, 
                "campaign": "大麦网温馨提示:您关注的演出内容有更新", 
                "subject": "大麦网温馨提示:您关注的演出内容有更新", 
                "uid": "GFpCmAhnXpPoXqXLH2BY", 
                "email": "someone@example.com", 
                "ip": "119.255.75.126", 
                "location": "中国/河北/廊坊", 
                "longitude": 116.7139, 
                "latitude": 39.5292, 
                "device": "", 
                "platform": "Windows 7", 
                "client": "Chrome", 
                "url": "http://item.damai.cn/78982.html", 
                "createdAt": "2014-02-20 18:08:05", 
                "trackingId": "1axfm7ht2m8k", 
                "trackingData": "{ \"message\":\"success\", \"id\": [ 426034,41767,28341,53326 ] }"
            }, 
            {
                "id": 22201603026582230, 
                "mid": 22201602002317593, 
                "campaign": "大麦网温馨提示:您关注的演出内容有更新", 
                "subject": "大麦网温馨提示:您关注的演出内容有更新", 
                "uid": "GFpCmAhnXpPoXqXLH2BY", 
                "email": "someone@example.com", 
                "ip": "119.255.75.126", 
                "location": "中国/河北/廊坊", 
                "longitude": 116.7139, 
                "latitude": 39.5292, 
                "device": "", 
                "platform": "Windows 7", 
                "client": "Chrome", 
                "url": "#退订", 
                "createdAt": "2014-02-20 18:08:05", 
                "trackingId": "1axfm7ht2m8k", 
                "trackingData": "{ \"message\":\"success\", \"id\": [ 426034,41767,28341,53326 ] }"
            }
        ], 
        "opens": [
            {
                "id": 222016111000001234, 
                "mid": 22201602002317593, 
                "campaign": "大麦网温馨提示:您关注的演出内容有更新",
                "subject": "大麦网温馨提示:您关注的演出内容有更新", 
                "uid": "GFpCmAhnXpPoXqXLH2BY", 
                "email": "someone@example.com", 
                "ip": "119.255.75.126", 
                "location": "中国/河北/廊坊", 
                "longitude": 116.7139, 
                "latitude": 39.5292, 
                "device": "", 
                "platform": "Windows 7", 
                "client": "Chrome", 
                "createdAt": "2014-02-20 18:08:05", 
                "trackingId": "1axfm7ht2m8k", 
                "trackingData": "{ \"message\":\"success\", \"id\": [ 426034,41767,28341,53326 ] }"
            }
        ], 
        "unsubscriptions": [
            {
                "id": 22201911285849505, 
                "mid": 22201602002317593, 
                "campaign": "大麦网温馨提示:您关注的演出内容有更新",
                "subject": "大麦网温馨提示:您关注的演出内容有更新", 
                "uid": "GFpCmAhnXpPoXqXLH2BY", 
                "email": "example@abc.com", 
                "ip": "119.255.75.126", 
                "location": "中国/河北/廊坊", 
                "longitude": 116.7139, 
                "latitude": 39.5292, 
                "device": "", 
                "platform": "Windows 7", 
                "client": "Chrome", 
                "source": "esp", 
                "content": "I do not want to receive these emails anymore .", 
                "createdAt": "2014-02-20 18:08:05", 
                "trackingId": "1axfm7ht2m8k", 
                "trackingData": "{ \"message\":\"success\", \"id\": [ 426034,41767,28341,53326 ] }"
            }
        ], 
        "complaints": [
            {
                "id": 222019111000005678, 
                "mid": 22201909000071469, 
                "campaign": "KiKUU Order Shipped Reminder",
                "subject": "KiKUU Order Shipped Reminder", 
                "uid": "65655dnvdte0", 
                "email": "one@someone.com", 
                "ip": "117.136.31.250", 
                "location": "中国/广东省/广州市", 
                "longitude": 116.7139, 
                "latitude": 39.5292, 
                "device": "", 
                "platform": "Windows 7", 
                "client": "Chrome", 
                "source": "esp", 
                "content": "在沒有任何解釋及通知的情況下, 退還按金時直接扣了大約27英鎊。在現場交還汽車時並沒有指出任何問題需要作出賠償,現在卻無理地少退還了按金。請協助跟進。", 
                "createdAt": "2014-02-20 18:08:05", 
                "trackingId": "", 
                "trackingData": ""
            }
        ]
    }

4. Webhook接收消息实体Java代码示例:

  • package org.unimarketing.api.webhook.example;
    
    import java.io.BufferedReader;
    import java.io.InputStreamReader;
    import java.util.ArrayList;
    import java.util.List;
    
    import javax.servlet.ServletInputStream;
    import javax.servlet.http.HttpServlet;
    import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletRequest;
    import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletResponse;
    
    import net.sf.json.JSONArray;
    import net.sf.json.JSONNull;
    import net.sf.json.JSONObject;
    
    import org.apache.commons.httpclient.HttpClient;
    import org.apache.commons.httpclient.HttpStatus;
    import org.apache.commons.httpclient.methods.PostMethod;
    import org.apache.commons.lang.StringUtils;
    import org.apache.commons.logging.Log;
    import org.apache.commons.logging.LogFactory;
    
    public class ReportDataServlet extends HttpServlet {
    
    	private static final long serialVersionUID = 4386871944161809516L;
    
    	private final Log log = LogFactory.getLog(getClass());
    
    	@SuppressWarnings("deprecation")
    	@Override
    	protected void service(HttpServletRequest request, HttpServletResponse response) {
    		try {
    			BufferedReader br = new BufferedReader(new InputStreamReader((ServletInputStream) request.getInputStream(), "utf-8"));
    			StringBuffer sb = new StringBuffer("");
    			String temp;
    			while ((temp = br.readLine()) != null) {
    				sb.append(temp);
    			}
    			br.close();
    			String result = sb.toString();
    
    			if (StringUtils.isBlank(result)) {
    				return;
    			}
    			//缓存报表明细数据
    			List reportDataList = new ArrayList();
    			JSONObject json = JSONObject.fromObject(result);
    			if (json.containsKey("delivered")) {
    				JSONArray deliveredArray = JSONArray.fromObject(json.get("delivered"));
    				for (int i = 0; i < deliveredArray.size(); i++) {
    					JSONObject jb = deliveredArray.getJSONObject(i);
    					ReportData reportData = new ReportData();
    					reportData.setAction("delivered");
    					reportData.setCtx_envelopeId(jb.getLong("id"));
    					reportData.setEmail(jb.getString("email"));
    					reportData.setStatus(jb.getString("status"));
    					reportData.setDsn(jb.getString("dsn"));
    					reportData.setAction_time(jb.getString("createdAt"));
    					reportData.setCtx_scheduleId(jb.getLong("scheduleId"));
    					reportData.setCtx_contactId(jb.getLong("contactId"));
    					reportData.setCtx_messageId(jb.getLong("messageId"));
    
    					reportDataList.add(reportData);
    				}
    			}
    			if (json.containsKey("clicks")) {
    				JSONArray clicksArray = JSONArray.fromObject(json.get("clicks"));
    				for (int i = 0; i < clicksArray.size(); i++) {
    					JSONObject jb = clicksArray.getJSONObject(i);
    					ReportData reportData = new ReportData();
    					reportData.setAction("click");
    					reportData.setSubject(jb.getString("subject"));
    					reportData.setUid(jb.getString("uid"));
    					reportData.setEmail(jb.getString("email"));
    					reportData.setIp(jb.getString("ip"));
    					reportData.setLocation(jb.getString("location"));
    					if (jb.containsKey("longitude") && !JSONNull.getInstance().equals(jb.get("longitude"))) {
    						reportData.setLon(jb.getDouble("longitude"));
    					}
    					if (jb.containsKey("latitude") && !JSONNull.getInstance().equals(jb.get("latitude"))) {
    						reportData.setLat(jb.getDouble("latitude"));
    					}
    					reportData.setDevice(jb.getString("device"));
    					reportData.setPlatform(jb.getString("platform"));
    					reportData.setClient(jb.getString("client"));
    					reportData.setUrl(jb.getString("url"));
    					reportData.setAction_time(jb.getString("createdAt"));
    
    					reportDataList.add(reportData);
    				}
    			}
    			if (json.containsKey("opens")) {
    				JSONArray opensArray = JSONArray.fromObject(json.get("opens"));
    				for (int i = 0; i < opensArray.size(); i++) {
    					JSONObject jb = opensArray.getJSONObject(i);
    					ReportData reportData = new ReportData();
    					reportData.setAction("open");
    					reportData.setSubject(jb.getString("subject"));
    					reportData.setUid(jb.getString("uid"));
    					reportData.setEmail(jb.getString("email"));
    					reportData.setIp(jb.getString("ip"));
    					reportData.setLocation(jb.getString("location"));
    					if (jb.containsKey("longitude") && !JSONNull.getInstance().equals(jb.get("longitude"))) {
    						reportData.setLon(jb.getDouble("longitude"));
    					}
    					if (jb.containsKey("latitude") && !JSONNull.getInstance().equals(jb.get("latitude"))) {
    						reportData.setLat(jb.getDouble("latitude"));
    					}
    					reportData.setDevice(jb.getString("device"));
    					reportData.setPlatform(jb.getString("platform"));
    					reportData.setClient(jb.getString("client"));
    					reportData.setAction_time(jb.getString("createdAt"));
    
    					reportDataList.add(reportData);
    				}
    			}
    
    			//后续处理接收到的报表明细数据
    			//doSomething();
    		} catch (Exception e) {
    			log.error(e.getMessage(), e);
    			response.setStatus(500);
    		}
    	}
    }
    
    public class ReportData {
    
    	private String uid = "";
    	private String email = "";
    	private String ip = "";
    	private String location = "";
    	private Double lon = null;
    	private Double lat = null;
    	private String action;
    	private String action_time = null;
    	private String subject = "";
    	private String url = "";
    	private String device = "";
    	private String platform = "";
    	private String client = "";
    	private String status = "";
    	private String dsn = "";
    	private long ctx_envelopeId = -1L;
    	private long ctx_contactId = -1L;
    	private long ctx_scheduleId = -1L;
    	private long ctx_messageId = -1L;
    
    	public String getUid() {
    		return uid;
    	}
    
    	public void setUid(String uid) {
    		this.uid = uid;
    	}
    
    	public String getEmail() {
    		return email;
    	}
    
    	public void setEmail(String email) {
    		this.email = email;
    	}
    
    	public String getIp() {
    		return ip;
    	}
    
    	public void setIp(String ip) {
    		this.ip = ip;
    	}
    
    	public String getLocation() {
    		return location;
    	}
    
    	public void setLocation(String location) {
    		this.location = location;
    	}
    
    	public Double getLon() {
    		return lon;
    	}
    
    	public void setLon(Double lon) {
    		this.lon = lon;
    	}
    
    	public Double getLat() {
    		return lat;
    	}
    
    	public void setLat(Double lat) {
    		this.lat = lat;
    	}
    
    	public String getAction() {
    		return action;
    	}
    
    	public void setAction(String action) {
    		this.action = action;
    	}
    
    	public String getAction_time() {
    		return action_time;
    	}
    
    	public void setAction_time(String action_time) {
    		this.action_time = action_time;
    	}
    
    	public String getSubject() {
    		return subject;
    	}
    
    	public void setSubject(String subject) {
    		this.subject = subject;
    	}
    
    	public String getUrl() {
    		return url;
    	}
    
    	public void setUrl(String url) {
    		this.url = url;
    	}
    
    	public String getDevice() {
    		return device;
    	}
    
    	public void setDevice(String device) {
    		this.device = device;
    	}
    
    	public String getPlatform() {
    		return platform;
    	}
    
    	public void setPlatform(String platform) {
    		this.platform = platform;
    	}
    
    	public String getClient() {
    		return client;
    	}
    
    	public void setClient(String client) {
    		this.client = client;
    	}
    
    	public String getStatus() {
    		return status;
    	}
    
    	public void setStatus(String status) {
    		this.status = status;
    	}
    
    	public String getDsn() {
    		return dsn;
    	}
    
    	public void setDsn(String dsn) {
    		this.dsn = dsn;
    	}
    
    	public long getCtx_envelopeId() {
    		return ctx_envelopeId;
    	}
    
    	public void setCtx_envelopeId(long ctx_envelopeId) {
    		this.ctx_envelopeId = ctx_envelopeId;
    	}
    
    	public long getCtx_contactId() {
    		return ctx_contactId;
    	}
    
    	public void setCtx_contactId(long ctx_contactId) {
    		this.ctx_contactId = ctx_contactId;
    	}
    
    	public long getCtx_scheduleId() {
    		return ctx_scheduleId;
    	}
    
    	public void setCtx_scheduleId(long ctx_scheduleId) {
    		this.ctx_scheduleId = ctx_scheduleId;
    	}
    
    	public long getCtx_messageId() {
    		return ctx_messageId;
    	}
    
    	public void setCtx_messageId(long ctx_messageId) {
    		this.ctx_messageId = ctx_messageId;
    	}
    
    }
    
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